During Pregnancy

How Physiotherapy Can Help During Pregnancy

Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is an evidence-based technique that involves the science of movement to promote healing and holistic fitness. It includes a wide array of exercises and massages. While any person, irrespective of age and gender, can benefit from this technique, physiotherapy during pregnancy has well-defined advantages.

Significance of Physiotherapy For Pregnant Women

Our body produces a hormone known as relaxing. While both men and women form relaxation, this hormone is primarily produced in pregnant women. It is responsible for preventing any damage to a woman’s body during childbirth.

The production of relaxation increases significantly during the second trimester. Primarily, this hormone is aimed at loosening the birth canal and preparing your body for childbirth. However, besides the birth canal, high levels of relaxin result in the loosening of other ligaments in your body.

While on one hand relaxing facilitates the flow of blood, it leads to muscle, joint, and body pain, on the other. This side-effect of relaxing is the fundamental cause of your lower back pain during pregnancy. Physiotherapy during pregnancy is a helpful approach in dealing with the pain resulting from an increase in relaxin. This practice can assist in alleviating muscle pain through the means of specific exercises and massages. The targeted exercises not only help in reducing pain but also maintain the strength of muscles.

Which Issues Can Physiotherapy Address?

As discussed above, physiotherapy can help in reducing pain and improving the strength of muscles. While most pregnant women complain of lower back pain, there are other areas that physical therapy can help with.

Some common issues pregnancy physiotherapy can deal with are:

  • Upper back pain
  • Neck and shoulder pain
  • Sciatica (pain that radiates from the lower back through hips and buttocks to the leg)
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome (a condition that causes numbness, tingling, or weakness in your hand)
  • Pelvic girdle pain (pain in front and back of the pelvis)
  • Bladder issues

Posture changes – posture changes during pregnancy are necessary, but can also be painful or uncomfortable, especially if you have any past injuries that can be aggravated. Physiotherapy can help you accommodate the necessary postural changes and decrease the pain associated with them.

It is important to remember that the source of your pain and discomfort is the increase in levels of relaxation. However, the location of your pain can be unique. The role of physiotherapy in pregnancy is to identify the precise location of the pain and address it to minimize ache.

What are the Benefits of Physiotherapy During Pregnancy?

Physiotherapy benefits pregnant women in multiple ways. The role of physiotherapy in pregnancy has both, long and short-term advantages. Some of the top benefits include:

  • Reliving lower back pain: During the early stages of your pregnancy, your body prepares itself to accommodate the growth of your child. It further continues to prepare for delivery. In its attempt to assist you during this journey, your ligaments stretch and become soft. Simultaneously, as your child grows inside you, your size increases, and you gain weight. Due to this weight gain, your body’s centre of gravity shifts and moves forward leading to additional pressure on your lower back. Physiotherapy and exercise during pregnancy can help in alleviating lower back pain.
  • Strengthening pelvic floor muscles: It is popularly known how pregnancy makes you urinate more. During pregnancy, you will experience an increased flow of blood in your body. This increased blood flow puts your kidneys to extra work and releases extra fluid leading to increased urination. Sometimes, however, increased urination and weakened pelvic floor muscles can cause urinary incontinence. Incontinence is a highly common side-effect of pregnancy. Physiotherapy can help in reducing incontinence by strengthening muscles by offering pelvic floor exercises. There is various exercise during pregnancy such as kegel exercises that you can learn from a verified physiotherapist to train your bladder.
  • Preparing for labour and delivery: While the course of pregnancy may be smooth, childbirth is a highly taxing event. Your body requires high levels of strength and flexibility to naturally induce labour and deliver a fully grown baby. Due to the need for core strength and flexible muscles, pregnant women are asked to consistently remain physically active (unless advised by the doctor). Physiotherapy is a good alternative to monotonous physical activities. A physiotherapist can train you to push effectively during delivery. You can also practice a range of pelvic floor exercises to help you prepare for labour and childbirth.
  • Assisting in posture changes during pregnancy: As discussed above, the centre of your gravity may shift during pregnancy. The increased pressure on your lower back can cause your uterus to move slightly forward. Similarly, the weakened lower back muscles can cause you to lean forward with bent shoulders, neck, and mid-back. The transition in the position of these muscles can change your posture. Physiotherapy is an effective medical tool that helps in correcting posture during pregnancy.
  • Relieving from carpal tunnel syndrome:  Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common side-effect of pregnancy. It is a medical condition that causes numbness and tingling sensation in the hand and arm. The increased volume of blood in your body during pregnancy can lead to nerve compression, particularly in the wrist area (because it is comparatively narrow). This nerve compression can cause numbness, pain, and tingling in your hand and arm. Physiotherapy addresses Carpal Tunnel Syndrome by focusing on pain management and consistent blood flow.

Conclusion

Your choices during pregnancy will help in deciding the health of your fetus. Physiotherapy during pregnancy is a preferable choice for expectant women who wish to inculcate exercise and relaxation in their life.

Reference

https://www.empowerrehab.ca/how-massage-therapy-physiotherapy-can-help-during-pregnancy
https://www.ckbhospital.com/blogs/physiotherapy-during-pregnancy/-

 

Joint Stiffness

How Does Physiotherapy Help to the Treat Joint Stiffness

There are 360 working joints in the human body. The importance of these joints in the skeletal system is to give mobility to the bones. In the condition of joint stiffness, the patient feels that a certain joint of the body is seized leading to the restriction in the movement around that joint. There are numerous reasons why joint stiffness is caused. Some of the causes of this condition include arthritis, circulation problems, injury, age, etc.

Physiotherapy is one such treatment option that helps in the betterment of this condition. Physiotherapists not only treat but also help in the prevention of joint stiffness to be ever caused in a person. They accomplish this through various exercises and instructions for daily activities. In this blog, we will learn how physiotherapy can help to treat joint stiffness.

A general procedure that you will need to follow while getting your joint stiffness treated by physiotherapy

Inquiry

  • At the time of first meeting your physiotherapist, your practitioner will ask you to state your condition and symptoms that are bothering you.
  • You should focus on describing the symptoms of your joint stiffness as clearly as possible to them and point out to the affected area of your body.
  • Your physiotherapist will then ask about the time period for which you have been experiencing this condition. Also, they will enquire about your previous history of disorders related to joints or bones.

Diagnosis

  • The first step of diagnosis in this procedure will be the physical examination of your body. Your physiotherapist, in this step, will perform an evaluation of joint movements in your body to locate the origin of your joint stiffness. They will also focus on knowing the cause of any symptom attached to your condition.
  • The second step of diagnosis after the complete evaluation of your body will be planning a suitable treatment for your condition of joint stiffness and its symptoms.

What are the treatment options in Physiotherapy that can treat joint stiffness?

The treatment that physiotherapy offers for a particular patient heavily depends upon the cause of the condition. So, diagnosis of joint stiffness is as important as the treatment in physiotherapy to reduce the symptoms of joint stiffness and prevent this condition to be exaggerated. Some of the treatment options, from which a suitable treatment is chosen for a patient, are as follows:

Therapy with manual techniques: In this type of physiotherapy joint manipulation and mobilization techniques are used. In these techniques, the affected joint is given a highly calculated thrust in which the velocity, amplitude, and direction of the thrust are measured. Also, in joint mobilization, certain movements in the joint are passively done. Manual therapy is given to the patient with the aim of restoring the movements of the joints and reducing the pain in them.

Soft tissue treatment: In this method of treatment, the soft tissue affecting the joint is assessed and treated by massaging that area with hands. It is done with the aim of reducing the pain by stimulating better circulation in that area

Dry needling and Acupuncture: In this treatment option, certain specialized needles are used to relax the knots in the muscles and release some chemicals such as endorphins which act as healing agents. By the method of acupuncture and dry needling, certain “trigger” points in the body are stimulated to relieve the joints from pain and tightness.

Therapeutic Ultrasound: The use of sound waves to travel through the region of disorder in the body is known as Therapeutic Ultrasound. The sound waves which travel through one’s body cause vibrations in the organs. These vibrations help in the generation of heat in the joints and thus relieve the patient from pain.

Exercises to relieve joint stiffness

Apart from the above-mentioned treatment options, some exercises prove to be effective for joint stiffness. Your physiotherapist will assist you to maintain your form and balance throughout a particular exercise. Some of these exercises are

  • Shoulder rolls
  • Side bending
  • Hip swinging
  • Stretching your thighs
  • Rolling hips

Conclusion

Joint stiffness can bother you in performing ever the menial daily activities. It is important that you choose the best treatment option for your condition. You can find the best physiotherapist for joint pain and joint stiffness if your conduct a survey based on results.

At Om Physio Plus Nutrition is the best physiotherapy clinic in Ahmedabad, you can confirm these results from our patients as we have the top physiotherapist in Ahmedabad.

Sciatica

What Exercises and Physical Therapy Help to Treat Sciatica

The sciatic nerve is the nerve that runs down the leg from the end of the lower back. When the pain radiates throughout this nerve, the patient is said to have the symptom of Sciatica. This condition can be a result of certain underlying conditions such as Hernia, spinal discs, etc. Sciatica can initially show itself as a minute but continuous pain or numbness in the leg, back hip, or foot.

For the treatment of Sciatica, certain targeted exercises and physical therapies are considered primarily effective. These treatment options for this condition are provided by skilled practitioners such as physiotherapists, trainers, etc. Physiotherapy exercises and techniques are particularly advised to the patients for the treatment of pain that comes along with sciatica.

Physical therapy and exercises aim for following things in the treatment of Sciatica

Physiotherapists and other professionals use the help of physical therapy and exercises to attain certain goals for the patient to be completely free from their condition. These professionals know that the key to the increase in the success rate of the treatment is consistency and skillful hands. These are the aims of physical therapy and exercises in the treatment of sciatica:

  • Making the patient regain their ability to move their body without restriction and pain
  • Relieve the patient from pain in organs associated with sciatica
  • Minimize involuntary muscle contractions
  • Strengthening the spine and joints to increase their normal functionality
  • Increase flexibility in the legs to improve their movements
  • Use proper techniques and surroundings to increase the healing process
  • Prevent the reoccurrence of pain in the patient

Treatment techniques in physical treatment and sciatica for sciatica

 Physical therapy for sciatica includes various methods and their combinations such as:

  • Mobilizing nerve: In this method, the sciatic nerve of the leg is put into a state of changing tensions. Because of this, the patient feels a reduce in pain while moving
  • Enhancing joint movement: This is done by putting calculated pressure on a joint to make its movement smooth. This technique is done frequently as a therapy to enhance the overall movement of the joint
  • Dry needling and acupuncture: This technique is done by a highly-skilled professional to stimulate target points in the body through specialized needles. This method releases the contractions in muscle and releases certain chemical substances such as endorphins to reduce pain
  • Releasing tension in soft tissues: It is done with the help of hands and equipment where physiotherapists release the tension in soft tissues in areas such as legs, buttocks, hips, and back. This increases the mobility in these organs while reducing sciatica.

Exercises that help in the treatment of sciatica are advised to the patient based on the cause of the condition. Some of these exercises are:

  • Back stretches that help in increasing spine movement: It is seen in some patients, moving the spine in a particular orientation helps them to get relief from pain in the leg. A proper examination by the physical therapist is very necessary to involve the patient in relevant exercises for the spine. In this examination, your physiotherapist maps out your preferential movements.
  • Exercises to increase strength and stability: In these exercises your physiotherapist aim at strengthening your muscles that affect your sciatica. These exercises include:
  • Stationary muscle contraction, in which your joints are kept stationary while you contract your muscle
  • Contracting the muscle against a certain weight or resistance

Conclusion

Other than the treatment of sciatica through physical therapy and exercises, your physiotherapist may also advise you to bring some changes in your lifestyle and posture. The reason for this is that the most common causes of sciatica are less complicated such as incorrect posture while different bodily positions. Also, physiotherapists stress the fact that if you suffer from sciatica but not of that severity in which rest is necessary, you must involve yourself in activities rather than staying in the bed.

It is one’s individual choice to go for physical therapy and exercises as their treatment option for sciatica but from the statistical data around the world, these treatment options are seen as an integral part of the overall treatment and prevention of this condition

At Om Physio Plus Nutrition, you will get the best physiotherapist for physiotherapy exercises for sciatica and other musculoskeletal conditions.

exercise after Knee Surgery

5 Types of Exercises to Be Avoided After Knee Surgery

Knee injuries in today’s world have become so common that if choose you as a random person, still you might have someone related to you suffering from knee-related problems. This is due to the exertion that the knees must go through gradually in everyone’s lifetime. People often experience degeneration of cartilage in their knees because of this exertion as knee injuries. When this happens the condition of injured knees always takes a downhill path.

As human mobility is completely dependent on their knees, without the functioning of knees a person cannot even stand. Knee surgery is a procedure to substitute some of the important functions of our knee by installing an artificial knee in the place of the one which is natural but non-functional.

The fact that the efficiency of a natural knee cannot be replaced by any artificial means, results in the restriction of the movements that the person who has gone through a knee surgery makes. Immediately after knee surgery, it is advised to people that they perform some specific exercises for the recovery after the surgery but there are some exercises to be avoided after knee surgery too.

Here are 6 types of exercises to be avoided after knee surgery

Sitting

Exercises that involve sitting for long periods of time such as some yoga positions are harmful to a replaced knee. This is because prolonged sitting causes the blood supply to have obstructions in the knee while circulation. If this obstruction in the blood supply occurs within 2 or 3 weeks of surgery, there is a great possibility of the formation of blood clots? This can lead to immensely uncomfortable symptoms in the knee.

Weight lifting

There is a reason that after knee surgery, the patient is required to walk with the assistance of walking equipment such as a walker for at least 3 months. Even after one has recovered from the surgery, in these three months period a patient is advised to not even bare their own weight. To ensure this the patient is restricted to walking up the stairs too. Therefore, weightlifting exercises are to be strictly avoided after knee replacement surgery.

Sprinting and jogging

Speaking in the terms of force applied, any kind of exercise that include fast sprinting or even slow jogging exert much higher force on the knees in comparison to when we are simply walking. It is obvious that after knee surgery, the operated knee must not bear much force as there is the artificial knee has fragile bonds with the other parts of the leg and can be damaged easily because of running.

Skipping and jumping

For the same reasons as sprinting, physiotherapy doctors advise the patients to not involve in activities that include jumping of any sort. This is because these kinds of exercises can impact the knee with more force than jogging. So, this is a higher risk of damage in these exercises than even running.

Contact sports

Sports that require the players to be contacted with each other during the game are known as contact sports. Patients after knee surgery are required to avoid participation in these kinds of sports for longer periods even after the recovery as they can lead to unbearable traumas to the knee resulting in the disorientation of the artificial knee.

Some examples of the contact sports to avoid after knee surgery are as follows:

  • Hockey
  • Soccer
  • Football/ Rugby
  • Basketball
  • Boxing
  • Skiing
  • Tennis
  • Volleyball
  • Badminton

What exercises are good for your knee surgery

Movement is necessary after knee surgery, but this movement should be controlled and under the supervision of an expert. Some of the exercises that are advised to perform after knee surgery are as follows:

  • Careful stretching of the leg: You will be asked to put an elevation under your heel and first move your toes in front and back motion. Then you will be asked to try to stretch your leg with the help of the assistance of a practitioner.
  • Assisted bending of the knee: To ensure mobility after the recovery of your knee surgery your physical therapist will make you perform the exercise of knee bends. This exercise will require you to slide your foot towards your hips and hold the position of tension for 5 seconds.
  • Cycling: After the period of 4 months of recovery, light exercises such as cycling, and swimming are really helpful to make your knee used to some exertion.

Conclusion

In this blog, we learned the types of exercises to avoid after knee replacement surgery. It is very important to stay active after knee surgery, but the movements should be controlled and beneficial.

To ensure the best assistance for your exercises after knee surgery, contact Om Physio Plus Nutrition.

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